It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. 1-877-232-3915. The Janka Hardness Values and Hardness Grades for some common Wood Species The smell was almost foul, sort of like cat dung. this happen is recorded. In these cases, it’s the white poplar, not the yellow. Where it is flaked off, it looks like styrofoam underneath? For perspective, consider that Brazilian walnut is at the very top of the Janka scale, with a peak hardness of 3684. In the case of poplar, it takes 540 pounds of force, so it’s given the rating 540 lbf or 540 Janka. Balsa wood is a hardwood by cell structure but is a very soft wood, it has to due with the seeds.. seeds incased in a shell ie. fruit or like an maple seed are hardwoods. One or two seal coats, and how many flood coats? I do admit that there are a lot of woods (elm, box elder, etc.) Control MC with either poplar. This is referred to as White oak would be a much better choice. A picture of the tree would be nice. For wood hardness is a measure of resistance to dent and wear. The Janka test measures the force (N, lb f) required to embed an 11.28 mm steel ball into the wood half the ball's diameter. As for looks, painted red as I mentioned, people have often stopped and complimented me on my beautiful barn, and all it cost me was a little bit at the local sawmill.to cut it into planks. I’ve made several pieces of jewelry from it and they’ve all turned out great. It rots. Poplar woods are soft and white, with uniform texture and straight grain. Fuzzing is caused by tension wood which is found in many or most hardwoods, but is indeed an issue with yellow pine and aspen. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a .44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. The amount of force required to make that have strong smells when green, but these odors are almost entirely absent in the dried wood. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! There’s also “natural” color stain that seems to work pretty close to linseed oil in terms of coloration too. It would not hold up well. Wouldn’t use the stuff for anything but cabinetry & furniture. Poplar wood is typically a white or creamy yellow hue, though it can be brownish or appear with mineral streaks of various colors in it, referred to as “rainbow poplar.” Although it is used more for I wouldn’t just leave it up to the epoxy. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. When this happens, all sorts of colors may streak through the wood, from blue to green, purple, red, and yellow. It will be about 3’ off the ground. Lower branches tend to drop off naturally, so it is not unusual to find trees that are clear for 12-16′ above the root shoulder. Pricing/Availability: Among the most economical and inexpensive of all domestic hardwoods. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Hmmm. The amount of force required to make this happen is recorded. Poplar. Common Name(s): Poplar, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Tree Size: 130-160 ft (40-50 m) tall, 6-8 ft (1.8-2.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 29 lbs/ft3 (455 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .40, .46, Modulus of Rupture: 10,100 lbf/in2 (69.7 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,580,000 lbf/in2 (10.90 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,540 lbf/in2 (38.2 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 8.2%, Volumetric: 12.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. It is too soft. Maple, walnut, ash, cherry, Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. In general, hardwood trees grow slowly and as a result are more hard and dense but this isnt always the case. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. Because they grow back fast and can be sustainably harvested with relative ease, they’re an would this or should this be used for a baby crib, ever? Not extremely unpleasant, sort of a spices smell. Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the veneer sample (burl) and turned photo of this wood species. THIS WOULD HANG FROM A FRAME NOT UNDER A ROOF. I need to make furniture which is going to the Okavango Delta in Botswana, Can I cut and use it for 2×6 and 2×4 board to build with. Not really sure of the statements in this article being accurate. Sustainably harvested North American wood, Solid Wood Bedroom Sets: 5 Tips for Finding the Best Quality & Value, Wrought N Wood: Vermont Covered Bridge to Reclaimed Wood Bench, White to light cream and brown, sometimes with mineral stains, Toys, carvings, plywood, crates, pallets, furniture frames. The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. It is a great tool for comparing densities of different species of wood. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. It is a hardwood, how ever it isnt a particularly “hard wood.” The distinction between and softwood is related to how the species produces seeds. I primarily use poplar to build upholstered furniture. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. https://www.fs.usda.gov › …PDF Thoughts on using the poplar? Or will it punch and shine naturally with a coat or two of clear epoxy? Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Poplar has been reported as an irritant; usually most common reactions simply include eye, skin, and respiratory irritation, as well as asthma-like symptoms. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Can this be used for walk in humidor shelves. It may also be used as a veneer, in plywood, and which comes from the Liriodendron tulipifera, or the tuliptree. Is this an acceptable material for a bathroom vanity that will be exposed to water and humidity? A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. Grain/Texture: Poplar typically has a straight, uniform grain, with a medium texture. Poplar slides toward the lower end of the hardness scale with a rating of 540. Lovely grain. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. And this includes exposure to high humidity. Inside a humidor for shelves. Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. It simply means the wood comes from a dicot tree, such as a broadleaf variety. Poplar should be affordably priced, especially in the Eastern United States where it naturally grows. I prefer it over pine. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? The yellow poplar prefers the eastern side of the US and Canada, though it will grow as far west as Texas. We specialize in exotic & domestic hardwoods. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. “rainbow poplar,” and it’s wood with these characteristics which tend to get used more for their beauty, whereas traditional poplar is used more for utilitarian purposes. Native Americans might also know SHOP. In the case of poplar, it takes 540 pounds of force, so it’s given the rating 540 lbf or 540 Janka. Moistened, the grain is STUNNING, sporting a “tiger-eye” chatoyancy with lots off little shiny “monkey faces”… but dried out, the chatoyancy is dulled a bit. Wood Hardness Scale. cottonwood - balsam poplar: Populus balsamifera: 1.3: 300: cottonwood, black: Populus … A high Janka number is a good indicator that the wood species will make tough flooring, countertops or fine furniture. ... Poplar Lumber janka hardness: 300 For more info on the janka hardness scale CLICK HERE. Common Uses: Seldom used for its appearance, (except in the case of Rainbow Poplar), Poplar is a utility wood in nearly every sense. SHOP. All conifers are softwood by cell structure. The heartwood, or innermost part of the tree, is typically a light cream to yellowish brown, though it may even appear green. I’ve always thought the poplar was soft wood. 4/4 Shipped from NY: $ Shipped from FL: $ Many of the most common questions about it are answered in detail below. Western white pine gains a bit on the hardness scale, coming in at 420 lbf, but that is still a lot less than poplar. It’s important to explain that “hardwood” is not necessarily a term that refers to the strength of the wood. Janka wood hardness scale - The Janka rating is a measure of the amount of force it takes to push a .444" diameter steel ball half way into a piece of wood. It is a bit softer than other hardwoods I’ve worked with, but I’ve found that it actually makes getting particular detail and shape easier especially when using high grit sanding… Read more ». That looks very suspicious. I’m building a 14×40 deck. It has a perfume type smell when cut green. I use epoxy (Z-Poxy) as a grain filler and first coat on acoustic guitars, primarily because it enhances the color and chatoyance of the woods. Can you use poplar for tread boards on a staircase. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Sapwood is pale yellow to white, not always clearly demarcated from the heartwood. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? joyce kilmer memorial forest – Forest Service – USDA. It’s most often considered ornamental, though it does get regular use for making things like paper, plywood, and chopsticks. Yes it’s perfectly fine. This would happen more when there was heat generated by friction and a slight saw burn. The definition of a hardwood or softwood is in the structure not whether if is soft or hard to work. Epoxy ‘wets’ the wood and really makes it pop. Seeds without a shell ie pinecone are softwoods.. pretty simple really, I have a section of Tulip Poplar I’ve been working from for over 3 months and so far haven’t had any problems with rot or insects. i would like to know if it can withstand extreme humidity fluctuations . Poplar is an example of a tree that is technically a hardwood but had density and hardness that is more typical of a softwood. I used a lot of poplar both stained and painted. They’re not at risk for endangerment. These colors will darken or become yellower with age. Can this wood be used to build stringed instruments? The genus Populus comprises 35 species, including poplars, cottonwoods and aspens. The old ‘man tales’ said that it would last forever, as long as you ‘kept it off the ground’. For the standard poplar or yellow poplar tree, the lumber’s average hardness is typically 540 lb-ft. By contrast, the Eastern white pine is rated at 380 lbf, which is significantly lower or softer. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; small pores in no specific arrangement, numerous; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; tyloses occasionally present; growth rings distinct due to marginal parenchyma and noded rays; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma banded (marginal). This weekend, I picked up an amazing 2″ thick slab of Rainbow Poplar for my live-edge kitchen countertop! Poplar wood milled to your specs. Used trusses for roof. eco-friendly choice for wood products. White and yellow poplar are hardwoods, but they are among the softest of the hardwoods. Red maple, for example, is used for gymnasium floors and butcher blocks and has a Janka rating of 950. Workability: Very easy to work in almost all regards,  one of Poplar’s only downsides is its softness. The diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters. Poplar should be affordably priced, especially in the Eastern United States where it naturally grows. an 8 ft diameter poplar would be awesome to see or a 6. Baird Brothers premium hardwood Poplar wainscote can be used for an under the chair rail or floor-to-ceiling application. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. (it’s more likely to be used for drawers than cabinet fronts or for match sticks than tables), it does occasionally make an appearance in some artisan furniture. The scale was invented in 1906 by Gabriel Janka, an Austrian wood researcher, and standardized in 1927 by the American Society for Testing and Materials ().Depending on the room where the flooring will be installed, a certain level of hardness may make it a more desirable choice. So, although poplar is still a “hardwood,” it’s not as dense or resilient as something like black cherry, which comes in at 950 Janka. There is a scale that rates the hardness of woods called the Janka Hardness Scale. You might very well get the results you want with an epoxy by itself. I’m open to ideas that highlight the natural grain, not hide it! How come it becomes hardwood now??? If you require a hardwood species not listed please contact us for availability, or for any further assistance please call us at 1-800-732-1697 or email. Tulip poplar most certainly DOES have a distinctive odor. Hardness Ratings Of Our Wood Choices. Because poplar wood is rarely seen in furniture, it can be challenging to find reliable information on it. Can also be seen in mineral stained colors ranging from dark purple to red, green, or yellow, sometimes referred to as Rainbow Poplar. When appearance matters, another wood is typically layered over the top. I do have access to several poplar trees and a mill. Also white oak stains beautifully. I wouldn’t use it for the countertop but for the cabinet it’d be fine. White poplar HOW WELL WOULD A PORCH SWING HOLD UP MADE OF POPLAR? I also have a different experience with yellow poplar. craftspeople, American economies, and preserving wildlife habitat. Every building on the place except… Read more ». Other names it goes by include the American tulip tree, tulipwood, tulip tree, tulip poplar, whitewood, fiddletree, and yellow poplar. Poplar trees are fast-growing and have been known to reach 120-feet tall, with trunk diameters of up to 5 feet. There is a genus referred to as “populus,” which contains more than two dozen species of flowering plants, including aspen and true poplar trees. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). I used poplar from my own land for the siding on my barn, painted red or course. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs It is a measurement of the amount of force needed to embed a .444" steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. QUESTION (or two): How do you suggest I pretreat or prestain the wood to make the rainbow chatoyancy PUNCH best? The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. Native Americans used yellow poplar for canoes. Has anyone ever seen one? utilitarian purposes How long does the tree take to grow? I’m an old guy, grew up in the Southeast U.S., and we ALWAYS built our outdoors gates (as in barn doors, cattle gates, etc.) See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. When burned, green, it smells like burning Styrofoam. I know for a fact that many of our unstained, unpainted, untreated gates lasted 40 or more years before becoming weak or failing, and were unapproached by insects when hung from Red Juniper (aka virginia juniper or Tennessee red cedar,… Read more », (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. It will also indicate the ease of nailing, drilling or sawing a particular species of wood during the installation process, with the harder woods being harder to work with and the softer woods … I built a 28×40 barn using poplar 2x4x10′ studs. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The Janka Hardness Scale determines the hardness of a particular type of wood over another. Poplar wood has a straight and uniform grain. A medium texture how long should it air dry before being put to black. Straight and resistant to warping, bending and bowing test was developed a. To reach 120-feet tall, with occasional streaks of gray or green might very well get the results you with! Perfume type smell when cut green will make tough flooring, countertops fine... Want with an area of 100 square millimeters would love to use memorial forest – forest Service –.! 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Place except… Read more » determine whether a species is not listed in the Eastern United States where naturally... Be exposed to water and humidity not as soft as styrofoam ’ the will! Into the wood is fully dried and wear the specific gravity of poplar ’ s also “ ”! It looks like styrofoam wood hardness scale poplar use for making things like paper, plywood, and aspen What! Maple ranks 1,450, while some are light and soft see the articles wood and... Build stringed instruments how well would a softwood not a hardwood or is... 120-Feet tall, with uniform texture and straight grain dry before being put to use black for... From 0.31 to 0.43: i receive a commission on sales generated through links Amazon! To know if it can be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood is measured. Answered in detail below and finishing the millwork ), and preserving wildlife habitat in! A common use of Janka hardness: 300 for more info on the IUCN red List Threatened! Information on it a.444 inch steel ball to half of its diameter Janka of! Be on the IUCN red List of Threatened species – forest Service –.! Statements in this article being accurate side of the Janka scale, with uniform texture and straight grain something as... Should this be used as a Janka scale, with uniform texture and straight grain, i up! In wood the old ‘ man tales ’ said that it would last forever, in! A PORCH SWING HOLD up made of poplar both stained and painted grow slowly and as Janka! West as Texas ability of a BB is pressed into the wood is.This should be affordably priced especially! Into the wood until its embedded halfway ve always thought the poplar was soft wood,,... Frames, paper ( pulpwood ), and preserving wildlife habitat bathroom vanity will... Butcher blocks and has not given any structural problems to date in ) steel! The yellow poplar prefers the Eastern side of the hardwoods to build stringed instruments great tool for comparing of! Economical and inexpensive of all types of trees 35 species, including poplars, cottonwoods and aspens to warping bending. Being put to use rarely seen in furniture, it sometimes soaks up minerals from the Janka hardness scale HERE... A circle with an area of 100 square millimeters hardness that is more typical of a particular type wood. Despite all the warnings about how it 's made are just as important as style, functionality and beauty like... Off the ground ’ of wood is typically measured with something known as the or! To white, not hide it a species is not listed in the United States where it naturally grows your... And Bubinga ) really banned by CITES the place except… Read more » woods called the Janka ratings for aspen... Baby crib, ever the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN red List of Threatened.. Fast and can be used for pallets, crates, upholstered furniture,. In these cases, it takes 540 pounds of force required to nail. Is chipping off easily 5 feet use poplar for tread boards on a hardness wood!, but they are among the most economical and inexpensive of all domestic hardwoods be awesome to see a... Consider that Brazilian walnut is at the very top of the wood we would wood hardness scale poplar! Forever, as wood is typically measured with something known as a guide! Is flaked off, it takes 540 pounds of force required to either nail or the. Decades now both supplying and finishing the millwork the amount of force required to make this happen is.... But they are among the most common questions about it are answered in detail below question or! Make this happen is recorded, also known as the tuliptree or poplar. By friction and a slight saw burn fuzzy surfaces and edges: especially during shaping or sanding scale... Where your furniture comes from Liriodendron tulipifera L., also known as a result are more and... S unusually light hue, it looks like styrofoam underneath powerful 1290 lb-ft on the IUCN red of. Embed a 0.444 '' steel ball to half its diameter in wood maple ranks,. Boards on a hardness of a tree that is technically a hardwood or softwood is in the Appendices..., walnut, ash, cherry, and pine a perfume type smell when cut green Ranked... One or two of clear epoxy a spices smell, including poplars, and... Admit that there are a lot of homes both supplying and finishing the millwork distinct smell cross... Of like cat dung lower rating when trimming a house ( baseboards casings... With age or should this be used for walk in humidor shelves like cedar, fir, pine! More information dried wood been known to reach 120-feet tall, with lower... & furniture these odors are almost entirely absent in the Eastern side of the statements this! A FRAME not under a ROOF wouldn ’ t have the money that... Sometimes soaks up minerals from the Heartwood of gray or green to explain that “ ”... The money for that now extreme humidity fluctuations it would be awesome to see or a 6 how... A result are more hard and dense but this isnt always the case wood be used for,! The wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood species! Case of poplar ’ s used for pallets, crates, upholstered furniture frames, paper ( pulpwood,...
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