In a manner he had previously deployed, notably with the transcontinental railroad, and the line to the Ohio River, work began at both Newport News and Richmond. The rail­road's first lo­co­mo­tive, C. P. Hunt­ing­ton, was named in his honor. During the first half of the 20th century, excursion trains were operated to reach nearby Buckroe Beach, where an amusement park was among the attractions that brought church groups and vacationers. [5] About this time, he visited rural Newport News Point in Warwick County, Virginia in his travels as a salesman. Entrepreneur. Stanford remained president, first of the Central Pacific and then of the Southern Pacific Company until 1890. Collis Huntington was also the adopted father of renowned hispanist Archer M. Huntington, son of Collis P. Huntington's second wife Arabella Worsham Huntington, by her first husband. Much of the railroad and industrial development Collis P. Huntington envisioned and led are still important activities in the early 21st century. No sooner had the tracks to the new coal pier at Newport News been completed in late 1881 than the same construction crews were put to work on what would later be called the Peninsula Subdivision's Hampton Branch, which ran easterly about 10 miles into Elizabeth City County toward Hampton and Old Point Comfort, where the U.S. Army base at Fort Monroe was situated to guard the entrance to the harbor of Hampton Roads from the Chesapeake Bay (and the Atlantic Ocean). His youngest sister, Ellen Maria, was well known as a poet and writer of hymns. [17], he was vindictive, sometimes untruthful, interested in comparatively few things outside of business, and disposed to resist the idea that his railroad enterprises were to any degree burdened with public obligations. H… HUNTINGTON, COLLIS POTTER, has been associated with some of the most gigantic corporation enterprises which the nineteenth century has witnessed. He was generous in providing bribes to politicians and congressmen. In his early teens, he did farm chores and odd jobs for neighbors, saving his earnings. He acquired a substantial collection of art, and was generally recognized as one of the country's foremost art collectors. In 1849, he was one of the ‘49ers who proceeded to the west coast in what was called the California Gold Rush. Entrepreneur. Entrepreneur Born in Connecticut #24. At age 16, he began traveling as a peddler. [1] His family farmed and he grew up helping. In the lower Peninsula, Collis and other Huntington family members and their Old Dominion Land Company were involved in many aspects of life and business, and schools, museums, libraries and parks are among their many contributions. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. She died in 1883. At age 16, he began traveling as a peddler. Later, he worked as a salesman for his brother’s hardware store in New York. Beginning in 1865, Huntington had been acquiring land in Virginia's eastern Tidewater region, an area not served by extant railroads. [5] Using the Southern Pacific Railroad, Huntington endeavored to prevent the port at San Pedro from becoming the main Port of Los Angeles in the Free Harbor Fight.[9]. Collis Potter Huntington was born in Harwinton, Connecticut on October 22, 1821. TO CALL THE unschooled Collis Huntington self-made is an understatement. Archer, himself, maintained that Collis was his biological father. 19th Century American businessman and railroad magnate, best known as a founding partner of the Central Pacific Railroad. His main duties were selling company stocks and bonds and acting as the chief lobbyist in Washington, where his two main challenges were to block federal support for a proposed rival transcontinental route, the Texas and Pacific Railway (in which he succeeded) and to postpone payment of the $28 million in cash loans the government had made to the Central Pacific (in which he did not). He died at his camp, Pine Knot, in the Adirondack Mountains on August 13, 1900. Railroad, mode of land transportation in which flange-wheeled vehicles move over two parallel steel rails, or tracks, either by self-propulsion or by the propulsion of a locomotive. In 1880, he formed the Old Dominion Land Company and turned these holdings over to it. Huntington was agent and attorney for the Southern Pacific Railroad, vice-president and general agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, first vice-president of the Southern Pacific Company, and a director of the two lines. The 15 years of rapid growth and development led to the incorporation of Newport News, Virginia as a new independent city in 1896, one of only 2 in Virginia to have ever been so formed without developing first as an incorporated town. [1], When he saw opportunity blooming in America's West, he set out for California, and established himself as a merchant in Sacramento at the start of the California Gold Rush. Collis Potter Huntington Fans Also Viewed . The new railroad facilities adjacent to the river there resulted in expansion of the former small town of Guyandotte, West Virginia into part of a new city which was named Huntington in his honor. Collis Place in Bronx County, New York, which is located several blocks from Huntington's riverside mansion. After Collis' death in 1900, his nephew, Henry E. Huntington, assumed leadership of many of his industrial endeavors. Clara Barton. This site was later a key piece of the Abby and John D. Rockefeller Jr.'s massive Restoration of the former colonial capital city which became Colonial Williamsburg, one of the world's major tourist attractions. Archer Huntington's Origins. The joining was celebrated by the driving of the golden spike, provided for the occasion as a gift to the CPRR by San Francisco banker and merchant David Hewes. Collis P. Huntington was born on Oct. 22, 1821, at Harwinton, Conn. His early … Joseph Huntington, born 23 March 1823; d. 23 February 1849; never married, Susan L. Huntington, born August 1826; married 16 November 1849, William Porter, M.D., of, Huntington Dorm; Tuskegee University, Alabama, Collis Potter and Howard Edwards Huntington Memorial Hospital in, Huntington Hall – U.S. Navy enlisted housing and USO 3100 Huntington Avenue, Newport News, Virginia, Collis and Huntington Avenues in Huntington, West Virginia. He was born Collis Potter Huntington, the son of a poor farmer, on April 16, 1821, in Harwinton, Connecticut. His family farmed and he grew up helping. He also extended the lines of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, which he had bought in 1869, to link with the Southern Pacific, forming a 4,000-mile (6,440-kilometre) continuous track from San Francisco to Newport News, Va. Huntington became president of the Southern Pacific–Central Pacific rail system in 1890 and thus controlled a vast empire of rail lines and agricultural landholdings in California until his death. Huntington, from his base in Washington, was a lobbyist for the Central Pacific and the Southern Pacific in the 1870s and 1880s. Collis P. Huntington is one of the owners of the Central Pacific Railroad. The letters did not demonstrate that any cash actually changed hands with any official, but they revealed the tenor of Huntington's morals. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With considerable financial assistance from the Virginia Board of Public Works, the Virginia Central Railroad and a state-owned link through the Blue Ridge Mountains had been completed along this route as far as the upper reaches of the Shenandoah Valley when the War interrupted progress. Biography. Huntington helped expand the Southern Pacific Railroad into a 9,600-mile (15,450-kilometre) line that was the foundation of rail service in California and the western link for a southern transcontinental rail route. Building the first U.S. transcontinental railroad, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, new cities and a shipyard, Ralph N. Traxler Jr, "Collis P. Huntington and the Texas and Pacific Railroad Land Grant. That collis was his biological father also did not demonstrate that any cash actually changed hands with official. Determine whether to revise the article Potter '' ; this page was last edited on 4 December 2020 at! 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