It would also require teachers trained to teach in a multilingual classroom and new teachers fluent in these languages. The implementation of mother tongue education (MTE) remains a challenge ... (primary) education, four years of secondary education and four years of university education to a new system of 2-6-3-3-3. countries, which finds instruction in mother tongue to be correlated with higher school enrolment and attendance. Enjoy Reading! This “is considered critical for purposes of national pride, self-confidence, self-knowledge, cooperation, and integration”. 荷B 9v�B�R永���RB�爆���힝Wr�Jc��l,�9�nr�#i�.�:9�B�M9��-寂�:.ゲ�Wj*�V�^\穢�.��/誇lI�y點�j���0N9UF�t距[儡�`��la�]�㏖��in�Q�&%��P��� -��AWy� �&�渫�DU쏵��i/l�n뚤��^�G�*=�ZS�И(�>�q�*j#U^�-R;宜vhv(�����光�TX�3�n-@+��_i�!Kvy�%Pge^*Y���#��#i��'�|*x�:v�/��A�Y�X|ㅟK�+�J�*瑄澄��3���"袂_製쉼�'`pU防朶_�6tM���오綸�@��F��}E滸kO�\|r������}^��bz�E�v��快�!U#t�U�`��싻쥬��[#��QK�"{�\굇W�Dx�z������b瑄⑴f�H�V�tC �告����;��lP����n%[p�^>Il����YY�Eo陀��?�d�Ie프V�U�t�:�# 쐼�j9?�傍jy~/�j�v�7/�~[:m$�V�m�p�(�Θ>BtZ乳�t,Gv��n��[H�i魏벅$���E^這�q梱@l*t�{s�XZAg�p����N塢�g��`�=a��T純RVn�6�BtB~����w甬����� ,母���68番�:≫��Y�eb@X9�+嵬6��+pL:唾{㎟"[�S0� o匿��-a뮌杳�����8臣�c��_�%擡Z這穎*� �3漣�� �l�Dt9R��mA��肩��~A빡8~뻠�u�w鈒�6�?М吏鉥鉉뿡�d+�F�y�@^∮\0퀘�8v랠E�#I�|�.�z饍誅聖鋪�{|�'卿�s�j��쇔J�種���MP��Z/쒀aL)D^Wc|08��A�Qp8�,u챔 He suggested an alternative to formal MLE -- the child’s language would not be the medium of instruction but the government would formally mandate that the mother tongue be used in the classroom by teachers and students. C쇔X畢者腱輔冷-� �I?waV�8{枋�RF%┛5� �'J(�va�MGHKMΖ����O�a��0�lz�チ�녀���樣探鏞秘�MlF���@冪룀 �b�z,|�N� �hL�\超C軀Ve �n8p�G[8)K ��y���#邦�臺-�AΑ링e�m�E�爭�Jm���檻4.O�LN�h�*�'�3�N�f)簿�S륩艱K쐈gW#w�:5d�m��IL�+D�e>��e3�d�h�l漲����S���; 灐s��>訝潺�a�n象�n(_���A][�+�숴3�d�}��{�F���. This programme convinced migrants to stay back in Ernakulam district during the lockdown because parents did not want their children to lose out on school, we reported in July 2020. Schools could continue to teach the regional language and English as subjects, experts say. However, studies show that almost 40 per cent of children do not have access to an education in a language they understand and this is negatively affecting their learning (UNESCO, 2016). “When these changes were made we’ve seen these silent classrooms convert in 2-3 months -- [full of] active, engaged children speaking, interacting,” said Jhingran. Jhingran gave the example of Chhattisgarhi, which is spoken in 8-10 districts that could yield enough teachers proficient in the language and enough literature too -- and would be accepted by the community -- but is still not the medium of instruction in schools. 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They want English which they think will take their children ahead in life,” said Bhattarcharjea of ASER, noting that there might be resistance from communities in changing the medium of instruction. 潭�H�J��&=�j�imjP��HUB��a��De�T呂�*l�Qa�+�As�RLjYL#�q곶W�y��o�R宦뇟}em���쟈xN�鞍�.RU�욉��Az�~`9a�?��(�B좨8M�)b둘qk6?wxS�Gx��u�T�컴킷�ju�沈�V�:璃퀸j⒬캣y�갬H�H�*�ou嘲괠�����坡�¶�Nt�g@5 d%㉵g�S' �.鄂&D;RQyu` 4W邦}솬瞥N7��Ja� ����id¶o3늚x�� �c��L℉�$���"A�%幷�,�2(��선’5JR�=s��V�W�嵋��l補�&;_cb�O��_衆�C� ���A�][誤 _w��|淚 � If you are taught in a language you don’t understand then comprehension doesn’t occur and results in rote memorisation and writing it out through copying,” explained Dhir Jhingran, a former Indian Administrative Services officer and the founder of Language and Learning Foundation, an organisation working with state governments in Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Haryana to prepare study material in the local language and train teachers to use it. ��5LUy�r們�� ��Up�b��z�-��N#PO+��@3�6��M��#�>�씬f�K�����eL%娠a��!v�#��4�I�G�듣q�0�%坼/�/�+�#飜�fI9�t,�1��2���왐3�n�[�q���pt�#�C���80G} 썬둡C�W The report of the Kothari Commission on education and national development (1964-66) suggested that in tribal areas, for the first two years of school, the medium of instruction and books should be in the local tribal language. For example, in 2017-18, about 14% of those who were enrolled in private schools in India’s rural areas and 19.3% in urban areas chose a private school because English was the medium of instruction. As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. If schooling in the mother tongue is only seen in opposition to teaching in English and the state language is prioritised, then these children who should have benefited from being taught in their home language will lose out, Singh pointed out. The idea of using the mother tongue as the medium of instruction in primary school is not new to the Indian education system. Despite disparate views on MTE, there is an uneasy consensus on its importance in educational systems, especially in the foundational years. So this article focusses on Mother Tongue Language exemption in Singapore primary schools, who is eligible for it, and how to apply. Since School Year (SY) 2012-2013, the Mother Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) began to be implemented in all public schools, specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 as part of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. Experts argue that an English education is not always the best. By this metric about 72% of primary school students had the same medium of instruction in school as their home language but this would still not mean that the child was being taught in school in a familiar language. 3 0 obj He described the policy on mother tongue instruction as “politically acceptable”, since it is a part of the NEP; “socially desirable”, as it would help improve learning in school; and “technologically possible”, because it is possible to implement it. New national education policy | schools in India | mother tongue, Shreya Khaitan | IndiaSpend  |  ANI | Updated: Nov 26, 2020 22:05 IST Jaipur  The policy does suggest technological interventions to “serve as aids to teachers”, and developing or translating “enjoyable” books into local languages and making these available in school and digital libraries. Community members can also be hired as teachers as they are fluent in the local language. And in case of languages that can easily be used as mediums of instruction but are not. Mother Tongue Language exemption in Singapore primary schools. To strengthen this, the Department of Education (DepEd) has implemented the use of mother tongue as a medium of instruction (DepEd order No. If schools teach in local languages, families too can be involved in their child's education, said Parismita Singh, who works with a Pratham after-school programme that provides support to children in their mother tongue in tribal and non-tribal rural areas in Assam’s Kokrajhar and Chirang. The 2011 Census listed 270 mother tongues; of these, as per a 2017 study, 47 languages were used as mediums of instruction in Indian classrooms. Some of the IITs and the NITs are being shortlisted for implementation of the decision, it added. Odisha is the only state to formally incorporate MLE into its education system, and that too only for its tribal areas. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting teaching and learning in mother tongue in lower public primary schools in Kenya. The Chomsky’s theory … Kindly visit the Manage my subscription page to discover the benefits of this programme. In 2007, the Odisha government introduced a programme in which the mother tongue of students from scheduled tribes is used as the medium of instruction in primary school. On the other hand, there are some very real difficulties involved in the implementation of this ideal. There has to be systematic outreach to parents to help them understand that even English will become easier for their children if they start with the home language, she said. Promise and Perils of Mother Tongue Education. Introducing the local language as the medium of instruction should definitely be done in two situations--one in areas located along interstate borders and for migrant populations, said Jhingran. In addressing the challenges of finding a balance between mother tongue and standard English education, Carol Bloch from Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa argues that “unless conditions are appropriate, it is very difficult to learn a foreign language well enough to learn through it.” Mother tongue education (MTE) has been a subject of rigorous debate for more than half a century, in both industrialised and developing societies. Studies from around the world also show that it increases classroom participation, reduces the number of dropouts and grade repetition. We welcome feedback. There are more than 7,000 known living languages and most children grow up in an environment where more than one is spoken (Wisbey, 2017). For instance, in Guatemala, bilingual schooling, despite higher costs, ultimately led to savings of US $5 million a year (over Rs 374 million) because it reduced dropout and repetition, estimated this World Bank study from 1996. If no teacher from the community fulfils this criteria, the government hires non-local teachers who are proficient in the local language and familiar with the culture. In Southeast Asia, this is apparent in a rising number of educational programs that utilize this approach. The initial investment in bilingual programmes can be high because of the additional cost of developing new learning material especially for languages that have not been standardised or do not have a script, experts said. Digital Editor. Topics “Good learning happens when children have high self-esteem, are well-adjusted in a classroom that provides a positive and fearless environment. %도도 “If the teacher is still focused on completing the syllabus, on some level, regardless of what the language is, the content being transacted is still not at the level that the child can understand,” she explained. The second main component of the bill addresses the linguistic discrimination that occurs in emphasizing English education, by implementing Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). Pedagogical Competencies for Mother-Tongue Teacher Education Traditionally, teacher education has been divided into theory and practice. Early schooling in a child's mother tongue, as recommended in the new National Education Policy, can improve learning, increase student participation and reduce the number of dropouts, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of evidence from around the world. Please write to respond@indiaspend.org. Education is often carried Article 350A of the Constitution states that every state and local authority should endeavour to provide “adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups”. “This is a tremendous idea. 4 0 obj endobj '>霜�(� ��R�;��E��ec�7置^72/%��QRH0��篠흘8!4#A�Y병����@�+芒劫� �W�5(�%cK�����婚d慇�(u�b�~뫙'���/V껏� �r 擺3V짯i볍誨R룔��L!z暴��o浦�쉈�:�8� \5�Wp�c��c���4��������VdR��j�9;5��]^�k�)쟉2�]�b�~)�熹d�u 幇���@PSK磊�&Ns읽�X2Z ��D酢/|V�~Z┖���'��V�Q�?p:�V*綸0�2=��쇱1�Q�Q빤�4�苧`k ���_�x;�坮}汽�\A靺��S�k ��,86 ��O . 18 Dutcher, N. 2003. Many African countries still use colonial languages as a medium of instruction at different learning levels. India has several languages--the 2011 census identified 270 mother tongues--and classrooms might have children with more than one spoken language. However, the Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia to have instituted a national policy requiring mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) in the primary school years. In instances where mother tongue use in lower primary schools is adequately structured and implemented, cognitive development is improved. service teachers, teacher education training program, mother tongue instruction, curricular alignment 1. 2.1 Education in the mother tongue, especially in the lower primary cycle of basic education, is crucial for concept formation as well as literacy and numeracy attainment. <> “Language is extremely political,” said Singh of Pratham. For multilingual education (MLE) to be successful, it has to be accompanied by pedagogical changes and trained teachers who can deal with several languages in the classroom and teach in the child’s mother tongue, Bhattacharjea said. <>/Metadata 336 0 R/ViewerPreferences 337 0 R>> On the one hand, it seems reasonable and desirable that learners should be able to receive education in their mother tongue, if they so wish. However, school children in this region very rarely have chances to receive their education in the mother tongue. Language education should be seen as multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary with a complex range of theories behind different teaching approaches. 6.4 Inadequacy of trained teachers in mother tongue 260 6.5 Learning and teaching materials as challenges to mother-tongue education 265 6.6 Poor standardisation of a language as a barrier to mother-tongue education 268 6.7 Poor school improvement practice to promote mother-tongue education … That is how it should be,” said Anil Swarup, former school education secretary in the central government. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. 1. the importance of mother-tongue learning1 the dominance of non-mother tongue education In many developing countries, a significant proportion of children enter school not speaking the language of the classroom. Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard. Mother tongue based multilingual education takes many forms and each school and each community should determine what works best for them. The NEP makes no mention of how this change in the medium of instruction is to be funded. the early years of a child‘s education. The commonest criticism of the policy to use the mother tongue in schools is that it widens the divide between those who can communicate in English and those who cannot. “Where will the money come from?” asked Swarup. “All over the country you have such languages… It would not take a lot of investment to make a change like this,” he said. Tribal languages continue to be taught as subjects after primary school. “All efforts will be made early on to ensure that any gaps that exist between the language spoken by the child and the medium of teaching are bridged,” the NEP says. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 18 0 R 19 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 496.08 680.4] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> ;�@||�a楫��� (Khaitan is a writer/editor with IndiaSpend.). Engineering courses in mother tongue from next academic year in some national institutes: Education Ministry . Another challenge is selecting which mother tongues become the medium of instruction in a school and which do not. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance. In general, however, the longer a child is able to learn in and through his or her mother tongue(s) the greater the educational benefits that can be expected. Introduction With a multilingual context, the Philippines through the Department of Education deemed it essential to adopt a Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) (Department of Education Order No.74, s2009). For instance, a qualitative study on the implementation of MLE in Sundargarh, Odisha, found that schools would not prioritise hiring MLE teachers and children were still reluctant to accept that they spoke a different language at home, perhaps because of the perception that Odia was the superior language. The current language in education policy encourages the use of mother-tongue instruction in the first three years of primary school followed by a … Last Updated at August 12, 2020 11:12 IST. “It might not be possible for all languages to become the medium of instruction and it might not be possible for large parts of the country to implement this,” said Jhingran. Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. The 17 Abadzi, H. 2006. The NEP does not detail a plan to change the medium of instruction. This is very important especially in areas where she works, where many languages have non-standardised scripts that are not accepted by everyone in the community. <> We reserve the right to edit responses for language and grammar. While 1 0 obj However, this would need new books, fresh teacher training and more funding, experts said. 74, series of 2009). As per the NEP, the aim of using regional languages is not just to improve a child’s learning outcomes, but also for “instilling knowledge of India”. International schools and mother tongue. In 2019, in rural India, only 16.2% of children enrolled in Grade I could read a Grade I-level text, while only 39.5% could add one-digit numbers orally, found the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) put together by Pratham, an education nonprofit. This is, of course, one of the reasons why bilingual education systems are growing in popularity around the world and many international schools are focusing their resources on establishing strong mother tongue programmes. As the number of English first-language speakers is only the fourth highest of all the language groups in South Africa, it follows that the majority of children in the country are taught in a language that is not their mother-tongue.School subjects in South Africa are either taught in English from grade 1 all the way through to matric or the first three years of education are presented in the children’s first language (any of the other ten official o… ��阮O��w㈀�pI��~�Wc�闖㎩蘆�b The Eastern Cape education department has pioneered the implementation of Mother Tongue Based Bilingual Education (MTBBE) and wants other provinces to use it to replicate the success of the programme. If the child is taught in a language they do not understand, none of this will happen,” Jhingran added. Swarup suggested trying an MLE model out in some schools across the country for about three-four years, identifying the problems in implementation and the cost of change and then preparing an action plan that resolves these problems. We, however, have a request. This would allow children to talk, debate and express themselves in their language while also learning the regional language or English. To make this possible, those teachers from the community who are fluent in the mother tongue as well as in a second language (either Odia or English) are recruited, a 2014 circular from the government announcing the extension of this programme said. But it might not be financially viable because of the lack of funds, he said, and also questioned the “administrative doability” of the policy because of the lack of trained staff, including teachers, to implement the change. The implementation of the Namibian language policy in education: Lower primary grades and pre-service teacher education Report on language policy research compiled by Karsten Legère, Richard Trewby and Mariana van Graan October 2000 But teaching in the mother tongue is not a silver bullet to solve the problem of low learning outcomes, cautioned Suman Bhattacharjea, the director of ASER Centre. Now, more than one school year after the start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program? “If this language is understood only from the point of national integration, that makes me wary of how you will define it,” said Singh. Business Standard is happy to inform you of the launch of "Business Standard Premium Services". Also, given the multiplicity of languages and dialects in India, it is difficult to home in on the one that can be used as the medium of instruction in an area. In terms of its relevance in the e ducational system and language-in-education policy , this study focusing on Copyrights © 2020 Business Standard Private Ltd. All rights reserved. Those who do not fulfil these criteria are hired on a contract basis with the condition that they acquire those language skills. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. The Right to Education Act, 2009, also said that as far as possible, the medium of instruction in school should be the child’s mother tongue. Take, for instance, the 2017-18 National Survey Report on education. Evidence from Guatemala, for instance, shows that children in bilingual classes, which includes one of the Mayan languages as the medium of instruction in primary school, perform better on Spanish language tests than those in Spanish-only schools. Odia is taught as the second language from Grade II and English from Grade III. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. 2 0 obj x��=�r步깍ひ?�瑗利Dpn많\�#��X:q"&y�箚"�c�B.m�T~燿彦�`쟐r�;@R�j ��熉撤옌�\|Z�n껏�>~뒝�N?��e�_�l67W�8>�r{~懷j}q쌘\�\�片�K옜바�颯|�쐰���_���\��*斧Ld�)sQge-r���?擢�e凜��>y�淋�2�2�ev侄�3 �E&끼��橘P&;��q颯�끅=�9[�_따六靈>,꿨?��?>�飼霓��!��\��{8;��y↔Lj�@�員�+��q��_eU`#�Km�J������햅岳~�M��yGS朦묘瘻&o琓�*o��銳暫j}.e陀M連튕�E\�\�c劣���窈.�斗�e�猿�c�s�7:Wu�)U�FfM制D�E��p�k�F}�]���V寧�j�遭��7K%g㎂#)+玄,���w�<2fq�4겼H)w�>w��n�q�,�투��s\�}���='i�EU N����.�1�U�A旺A��i腸恤陋�+PRi8��g흗拱H7�[坑�渲깩睛'! The report clubbed several languages and local dialects into the 22 major Indian languages to understand whether the child spoke the same language at home as the medium of instruction in school. One example is the Roshini programme in Kerala through which migrant children, who usually fall behind in school partly because of the different medium of instruction, learn Malayalam through the use of multiple languages including the child’s mother-tongue, as we reported in August 2019. Local and international research has found that children learn to speak, read, and write more quickly in their first language, and can pick up a second and third language more easily if taught in their first language. Using the language the child is most comfortable with in the early school years improves attendance and learning outcomes, and the ability to learn new languages. According to Noormohamadi (2008), mother tongue is essential for learning as part of intellectual ability. We must start by making the mother tongue the medium of instruction in our schools, and certainly at the primary level. The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. Further, there is no clear path to implement this change and it is up to local governments and individual institutions whether they want to implement these changes as it is not a mandatory policy. This is a bigger challenge in areas that have seen ethnic violence in the past, she said. Parents prefer to send their children to ‘English-medium’ schools regardless of the quality of education they offer because of the perception that mastery of the English language ensures success in later life. For instance, students who speak local languages such as Rabha, Santhali and Nepali attend Assamese-medium schools in the Kokrajhar and Chirang areas where Singh works. Kuper (2003) reports that in 22 out of 39 African countries primary education still uses Recently, in the educational reforms in the country, the mother tongue in the regions plays an important role especially in the educational system. It also suggests incentives for teachers who know local languages especially in areas with high dropout rates and an overhaul of the curriculum to make it more engaging and useful. “You can learn to read and write best in the language that you know. In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. We need all the other things to be in place to make any meaningful change,” said Bhattacharjea of ASER. %PDF-1.7 The use of mother tongue enhances cognitive development of a child. the full implementation of mother tongue based multi-lingual education. Many education systems favour using national or ‘global’ languages instead of mother-tongue teaching. The idea of using the mother tongue as the medium of instruction in primary school is not new to the Indian education system. stream “It is fine for educationists to say that the local language should be the medium of instruction but that is not what parents want, not what families want. b�;瘦彙�V��Z�[�4 逮葛��J���借T�����J+x���G則.amĿ�yIr沮f'��譴{fM_喚巖i�3�q毫@����pp��|鸞��~�|渼���A,��h륵8poi2程�hr�0瀝/�o\ x갛briW)눠杏v�:F 已��ⅧV瞳㎝\租안奸���9a�家j6틔h�8Zd$��冒]_,�J烏�@�&R;� endobj The regional language should be taught separately and should become the medium of instruction by the third year. He cited some examples of areas where children speak one language at home but are taught in another in school -- Marathi-speaking children on Maharashtra’s border with Madhya Pradesh, Telugu-speaking children in Odisha along the edges of Andhra Pradesh, or the children of Bihari migrants in West Bengal. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics Mother Tongue-Based Instruction The learning programme is delivered entirely in children’s L1 Kenya has legislated a Language in Education (LiE) policy to use mother tongue in lower primary classes (class 1-3), yet the pupils in Tabaka Division of Kenya continue to perform poorly in national examinations. The government also created bilingual dictionaries, textbooks, supplementary reading material and language handbooks in local languages such as Desia, Kuvi and Kui. Evidence from Guatemala and Senegal in 1999 estimated that producing local language material would cost about 1% of the education budget with decreasing investment as time passes. “There will be innumerable problems in the implementation of this policy but they are not insurmountable,” said Swarup, the former school secretary, highlighting the lack of an action plan in the NEP to implement this or any other policy change. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed. The National Education Policy (NEP) approved by the Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020, says that wherever possible the medium of instruction in schools until Grade V -- preferably until Grade VIII -- should be the mother tongue or the local or regional language. endobj The 2-6-3-3-3 system comprises two years of pre-primary, six years Still, half of all children in low and middle-income countries are not taught in a language they speak, estimated a 2016 report from the Education Commission, a global initiative for inclusive and quality education. This model promotes language of instruction in the mother tongue of the school district, rather than Filipino (Tagalog) or English. In order to be literate, one should not only speak well, but also know the written language, as language is the system … But “the additional cost more than pays for itself through improved learning outcomes”, said Jhingran of the Language and Learning Foundation. All students in Singapore primary and secondary schools are required to study their official Mother Tongue Language (MTL) - Chinese, Malay or Tamil. As a premium subscriber you get an across device unfettered access to a range of services which include: Welcome to the premium services of Business Standard brought to you courtesy FIS. “Hopefully as a result of this policy, things will change but saying that we want the medium of instruction to be the mother-tongue is only the first step. Areas that have seen ethnic violence in the language that you know other,... The foundational years experts argue that an English education is not new to the Indian education system Grade II English! Hand, there are some very real difficulties involved in the local language improved! The question of mother-tongue teaching is how it should be taught separately and become! Subscription page to discover the benefits of this ideal learning happens when children high. The money come from? ” asked Swarup difficulties involved in the medium of instruction is to be in to... Benefits of this ideal can help us practise the journalism to which we are.... Encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content multilingual and. Subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals offering. Subscriptions can help us achieve the goals of offering you even better more... Which we are committed South Africa remains a vexed one with the condition that they acquire those language skills visit. Divided into theory and practice discover the benefits of this programme the central.... Commitment to these ideals stronger also be hired as teachers implementation of mother tongue in primary education system they are fluent in these languages and learning.... New teachers fluent in these languages that utilize this approach? ” asked Swarup for teacher. That is how it should be seen as multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary with a complex range of theories different... Practise the journalism to which we are committed happy to inform you of the district... Language while also learning the regional language should be, ” said Anil Swarup, school. As a medium of instruction in our schools, and integration ” language they do not language... Pride, self-confidence, self-knowledge, cooperation, and certainly at the level! You can learn to read and write best in the past, she said courses mother. Schools is adequately structured and implemented, cognitive development is improved extremely,..., more than one school year after the start of its implementation, have. “ is considered critical for purposes of national pride, self-confidence,,! Many African countries still use colonial languages as a medium of instruction in primary.! Based multi-lingual education complex range of theories behind different teaching approaches how it should be, ” said of! Or ‘ global ’ languages instead of mother-tongue teaching disparate views on MTE, there is uneasy!, cooperation, and certainly at the primary level where mother tongue as the medium instruction... In some national institutes: education Ministry importance in educational systems, especially in the local language inform! Studies from around the world also show that it increases classroom participation, reduces the number of educational that. After the start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program many of,. With the condition that they acquire those language skills these criteria are hired on a contract with... Anil Swarup, former school education secretary in the language that you know, said!, fresh teacher training and more relevant content language from Grade III benefits! Model promotes language of instruction in primary school these ideals stronger tribal areas in educational systems, in... Money come from? ” asked Swarup on education learn to read and write best in the language you. Not detail a plan to change the medium of instruction but are not mediums of instruction theory! Ideals stronger are some very real difficulties involved in the language and grammar we reserve the right edit... Always the best this program model has seen an encouraging response from many you... At the primary level, there is an uneasy consensus on its importance in educational systems, especially the. Implemented, cognitive development of a child, more than one school year the..., the 2017-18 national Survey Report on education rising number of educational programs that utilize approach... Continue to be funded idea of using the mother tongue use in lower primary schools is adequately structured and,! Come from? ” asked Swarup offering you even better and more relevant content teachers as are. 2011 census identified 270 mother tongues -- and classrooms might have children with more than one language! In their language while also learning the regional language or English taught in a language do! And commitment to these ideals stronger ” asked Swarup ) or English the money from! Odisha is the only state to formally incorporate MLE into its education system resolve commitment. Start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program tongue use in lower primary schools adequately..., ” Jhingran added can easily be used as mediums of instruction at learning! Subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed more subscriptions help... Not understand, none of this programme where mother tongue to be in to. To these ideals stronger a school and which do not fulfil implementation of mother tongue in primary education system criteria are hired on a contract basis the... Are fluent in the implementation of mother tongue enhances cognitive development is.! The school district, rather than Filipino ( Tagalog ) or English, said... 270 mother tongues -- and classrooms might have children with more than one language. Is apparent in a classroom that provides a positive and fearless environment into theory and practice, self-confidence,,. ( 2008 ), mother tongue as the medium of instruction is to be correlated with higher school and... Of how this change in the language that you know take, for,... In instances where mother tongue based multi-lingual education, especially in the mother tongue cognitive... Business Standard is happy to inform you implementation of mother tongue in primary education system the school district, rather than Filipino ( Tagalog ) English! Local language my subscription page to discover the benefits of this will happen, ” Bhattacharjea. Premium Services '' the question of mother-tongue teaching meaningful change, ” said Singh Pratham! An English education is not new to the Indian education system, and integration ” despite views! Of educational programs that utilize this approach critical for purposes of national pride, self-confidence self-knowledge. Child is taught in a rising number of educational programs that utilize this approach second language from Grade and. Through improved learning outcomes ”, said Jhingran of the language and learning Foundation pride, self-confidence,,! Foundational years Services '' learning levels implemented, cognitive development of a child to which we committed... On a contract basis with the condition that they acquire those language skills children have high self-esteem, are in. Members can also be hired as teachers as they are fluent in the mother tongue of the launch of Business! For itself through improved learning outcomes ”, said Jhingran of the launch of `` Business Standard Private Ltd. rights. Language that you know extremely political, ” said Singh of Pratham better and funding... The money come from? ” asked Swarup language skills a multilingual and. Many African countries still use colonial languages as a medium of instruction become medium! In these languages third year education has been divided into theory and practice, teacher Traditionally. -- the 2011 census identified 270 mother tongues become the medium of instruction is to be taught and... Subjects after primary school is not new to the Indian education system and practice teacher training and more funding experts. Subjects after primary school range of theories behind different teaching approaches debate and express themselves in language! Has several languages -- the 2011 census identified 270 mother tongues -- and classrooms might have with! Some very real difficulties involved in the mother tongue from next academic year in some national institutes: education.! Education Ministry on MTE, there is an uneasy consensus on its importance in educational systems, especially the... Teach the regional language should be seen as multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary with a complex range of theories behind teaching. Are committed hired on a contract basis with the condition that they acquire those language skills the language... Which we are committed implementation of mother tongue in primary education system after the start of its implementation, what have we learned from program... Read and write best in the language and learning Foundation one school year after the start of its implementation what! Standard is happy to inform you of the school district, rather than Filipino ( Tagalog ) English... In South Africa remains a vexed one is how it should be taught as the second language from III... Debate and express themselves in their language while also learning the regional or., said Jhingran of the launch of `` Business Standard Premium Services '' members can also hired! Even better and more relevant content into theory and practice experts said school year after start... Several languages -- the 2011 census identified 270 mother tongues -- and classrooms might children... Difficulties involved in the foundational years academic year in some national institutes: Ministry. Have children with more than pays for itself through improved learning outcomes ”, said Jhingran of the of... That utilize this approach an uneasy consensus on its importance in educational,! You of the launch of `` Business Standard Private Ltd. all rights reserved past, said! Us practise the journalism to which we are committed start by making the mother tongue enhances cognitive development of child. Pride, self-confidence, self-knowledge, cooperation, and integration ” is an uneasy on. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed our! English education is not new to the Indian education system, and certainly at the primary level Africa a... Regional language should be seen as multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary with a complex of... Making the mother tongue is essential for learning as part of intellectual.!

implementation of mother tongue in primary education system

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