A simple leaf has two main parts. The vast majority of Pennsylvania hardwoods have alternate leaves. (Chamaecyparis thyoides) 350 lb (1,560 N) Sometimes called Southern White … Pecky Wood. Mature trees have dark-colored bark with light-colored vertical furrows with dark, flat-topped ridges. It has simple, opposite leaves, with three and sometimes five pointed lobes. *** Per PA Department of Health guidelines, we require customers to wear face masks while in the building and to be mindful of social distancing *** Please check our FaceBook page for daily updates. There is no bud at the base of a leaflet on a compound leaf. All lumber is custom picked to insure wood quality, the best of figure and is kiln dried 6% to 8% moisture content. While the species-specific information below, along with the photos of each species and its wood, can help you learn these 10 trees, they are no substitute for actually observing living trees and real wood. Finishing: Dark finishes will vary depending on grain  orientation of curl (light to dark absorption). Good Firewood Delivered in Lititz, Manheim Twp., & Lancaster County. G. sanctum and G. oficinale. However, it drops in the fall. About 90 percent of all the trees in Pennsylvania's forests are hardwoods. The current uses for the wood are similar to those of white oak. BBB Rating: … The fruit, a barrel-shaped acorn, is valuable for wildlife. Beautiful markings  (gum streaks, pin knots sometimes) and red color will darken to a rich reddish brown with age. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is 2739513.The company's principal address is 187 Plank Rd Shinglehouse, Potter PA-16. The leaflets are finely saw-toothed on their edges and pointed on the end. While it is hard to work, it is suited for furniture, flooring, paneling, brush handles, ties, and food containers (because it has no odor or taste). Technically, wood pore diameters are measured in micrometers (sometimes called microns), but the scope and scale of such minute scientific measurements can be hard to grasp. Old-Growth Redwood – Once again, the old-growth version of this wood is very resistant to rot and insects. Yellow poplar grows very tall and straight. Exotics are sourced from areas like Indonesia and South America. They have many (7 to 11) pointed lobes tipped with small, hairlike bristles. With the power of the Internet we are able to provide our over fifty species of exotic wood to woodworkers from around the world. The wood, which has a light greenish-yellow color, is useful for a variety of construction purposes. Good Wood delivers quality firewood in Lititz, Manheim Township, and throughout Lancaster County … The leaves are 2 to 6 inches long and 1 to 3 inches wide. Store hours in the “green phase”: Regardless of whether a hardwood species has simple or compound leaves, its leaves join to the branch of the tree in one of two arrangements. Hickory bark varies by species. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. In autumn, leaves turn yellow or red. Density: Moderately hard and strong, not quite as strong as Hard Maple. From contributor V: Takeshi Okuma, librarian at Camp Courtney, Okinawa, claims that the hardest wood in the world is Tiga, found in Sibuyan Island, Philippines. Moderately hard and strong, not quite as strong as Hard Maple. L & O Hard Wood Floors Inc is a Pennsylvania Domestic Business Corporation filed on October 14, 2005. Northern red oak wood has a red-brown color, coarse texture, and straight grain. Exotic Wood. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is 555014.The company's principal address is 8400 Bustleton Ave Ste 6, Philadelphia, PA 19460. Many individual species of Oak fall into the White Oak category. They are 2 to 6 inches in length and 1 to 2 inches wide, with very small, blunt teeth along the leaf edges. All hickories produce a hard-shelled nut that is important as wildlife food. Creamy white to grayish white sapwood, heartwood can be brown to greenish brown with some mineral streaks. A species will have only one leaf arrangement. The top 10 trees are red maple, black cherry, northern red oak, white oak, yellow poplar, sugar maple, chestnut oak, white ash, American beech, and hickory. It is brown to reddish brown in color. Big Wood Slabs is the premier marketplace for purchasing exotic and domestic wood slabs or hardwood lumber to compliment any design. On the branch, there is a bud at the base of the main leaf stalk. 5.5”-8”) and random length (avg. Grain: Light to very heavy patterns running  perpendicular to normal grain orientation, Machinability: Machine slowly to avoid grain chips. They are straight, parallel to each other, and slightly sunken. Wood Hardness - Soft and hardwood - Janka Hardness; Wood Header and Supported Weight - The weight that can be supported by a double or triple wood header; Wood Screws - Withdrawal Forces - Allowable withdrawal load force; Wood Species - Moisture Content and Weight - Weight of green and air-dried fire wood Each leaflet has a small stalk that joins it to the leaf stalk, which joins to the tree's branch. Its autumn leaves are yellow. Chestnut oak wood, often marketed as white oak, is similar in appearance and properties to white oak. American beech wood is light reddish brown in color. Mature cherry bark is blackish gray and very scaly. Each compound leaf has a bud located at the base of the leaf stalk that supports a group of leaflets. We are direct importers of exotic hardwoods from around the world. Distinctive Characteristics: Beautiful markings  (gum streaks, pin knots sometimes) and red color will darken to a rich reddish brown with age. "Hard maple" and "rock maple" are other common names for this tree. Shop the Selection. Lobes are the divisions or "large bumps" in the shape of a leaf. While there are many differences among these five species, they share many characteristics. It makes fine flooring, tool handles, ladders, dowels, and sporting goods. The nuts have tough, smooth, green covers called husks. Katalox / Wamara. Hence, baseball bats, hockey sticks, boat oars, and tool handles are all manufactured from white ash. They turn yellow and later bronze in autumn. Specialty furniture (Shaker and Mission styles), striking trim, flooring and paneling, Flame, Fiddle Back, Tiger Strip (usually denoting the intensity of the pattern), : Red to deep reddish brown heartwood, white to yellowish sapwood, : Medium weight, moderately hard, stiff and strong, Wavy patterns  running perpendicular to the normal grain orientation, Machine slowly to avoid chip out of grain. Ardsley Hard Wood Floor Company is a Pennsylvania Domestic Fictitious Name filed on November 12, 1924. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Its stalks are usually red and the autumn foliage is brilliant red. A wood will be classified as a softwood if the seeds don’t have any type of coating and are instead dropped to the ground and left to the elements. Hickories are closely related to pecan and walnut trees. What types of trees are hardwood and softwood? (Swartzia spp.) Pennsylvania's forests grow some of the most valuable hardwoods in the world. Each leaf generally has seven leaflets, though the number of leaflets may vary between five and nine. Some basic information about hardwood leaves can help you get started. At first glance, a compound leaf looks like a group of simple leaves, but it is actually just a single leaf. While such keys usually deal with leaf characteristics, they are also available for tree bark, buds, fruits and cones. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. Highly resistant to the  environment, very hard, may be a bit more color consistent than Red Oak. Ron Sutherland/Photolibrary Collection/Getty Images. The sinuses or indentations between the lobes form sharp "Vs" on red maple leaves. The first part is the blade. It has leaves shaped somewhat like a football, 4 to 8 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide. Choose your wood, pick your size (10bf or 20bf), add to cart. White ash wood also makes fine furniture, paneling, flooring, doors, moldings, turnings, and cabinets. They include bitternut, pignut, shellbark, shagbark, and mockernut hickory. This curl is generally very apparent. The remaining 10 percent are softwoods. White oak, called "stave oak" because of its use for barrel making, is also commercially important. Takes a finish well, however light to natural finishes are recommended. Angiosperm is a Greek term meaning “vessel seed.” They are often hairy underneath. Chestnut oak is a member of the white oak group. They range from 3 to 6 inches in length and width. We commonly refer to softwoods as "evergreens," "conifers," or even just "pine trees" (though they are not all pines!). The bud remains on the branch. While leaf shape is often noticed first, leaf edges (smooth, toothed, jagged, or lobbed), and leaf texture (waxy, soft, rough, or hairy) are important identifying characteristics. The tree's fruit is a double-winged seed released in the spring. About 90 percent of all the trees in Pennsylvania's forests are hardwoods, like those seen here changing to autumn colors. As always, if you don't see what you want, give us a call1.877.232.3915, we can get what you need! Other Names:Many individual species of Oak fall into the White Oak category. Wood … Its wood and veneer uses include high-quality furniture, cabinets, paneling, moldings, construction, coffins, and floors. This publication presents information about 10 important Pennsylvania hardwood tree species--their identification, characteristics, and wood. Other sizes may be available on a custom order basis. Simple leaves are by far the most common. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Appreciation to Larry H. Mc Cormick, Lee R. Stover, Oak Hill Veneer, and DCNR's Bureau of Forestry for their production assistance. Species whose leaves join to the branch opposing each other in pairs have opposite leaves. These features include strength, density, hardness, odor, texture and color. Color: Creamy white to grayish white sapwood, heartwood can be brown to greenish brown with some mineral streaks. High end and period piece furniture, cabinets, interior millwork, musical instruments, paneling, flooring, Red to deep reddish brown heartwood, white to yellowish sapwood, Medium weight, moderately hard, stiff and strong. This bud will grow into a new branch with leaves or flowers the following year. Color: Light tan to brown heartwood, sapwood,  sapwood is creamy white to gray, Density: Very hard, shock resistant, and very dense, heavy, Grain: Moderately open grain on plain sawn, Quartered and Rift is straight grain, Machinability: Fairly well, can be tough on tooling. They are simple leaves with opposite arrangement. Finishing: Dark finishes will vary depending on grain orientation of curl (light to dark absorption). The intensity may vary from board to board. A hard, straight-grained wood, it varies in color from pale to reddish brown. Hard maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) Black maple (Acer nigrum) Soft maple Boxelder (Acer negundo) Red maple (Acer rubrum) Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) European maple Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) Marblewood (Marmaroxylon racemosum) Marri, red gum (Corymbia calophylla) Meranti (Shorea spp.) Color and soft texture make this an interesting wood, not always readily available in thicker sizes. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The autumn leaves are dark red to brown. The fruit is a double-winged seed similar to that of red maple. It is difficult to work with hand tools, yet it has some special uses. Black cherry leaves are simple, alternate in arrangement, and shaped like pointed spearheads. Penn Woods Molding And Hard Woods is a Pennsylvania Domestic Fictitious Name filed on February 18, 1997. It is often made into veneer. maple, elm, Eastern White Pine, hard maple, hickory, mahogany, red oak, soft maple, white Rough lumber is all kiln-dried random width (avg. The fruit is a small, dark purple cherry (birds and other wildlife species relish it). Distinctive Characteristics: Highly resistant to the  environment, very hard, may be a bit more color consistent than Red Oak. All maple sold is Eastern Red Maple unless indicated otherwise. Red maple, also called "soft maple" or "swamp maple," is the most common tree species in Pennsylvania in terms of both the actual number of trees and the volume of wood available. They are mostly grouped on short branches at the ends of large branches. It has been used for centuries to build windows, doors, fine furniture and wood flooring. In autumn, foliage turns red, orange, or yellow. While white ash's compound leaves can run from 7 to 12 inches long, each leaflet is only about 3 to 5 inches in length and 1 to 2 inches in width. Slabs for dining tables, counters, bar tops, head boards, shelves, mantels, and so much more. Diverse bark patterns: Red maple is known for its many varied bark patterns at different ages and stages of growth. White ash has compound leaves oppositely arranged. The flower of yellow poplar is large and beautiful, but it forms high in the tree and is difficult to see. However, looking at tree leaves is perhaps the easiest way to start learning identification. Dark finishes will vary depending on grain orientation of curl (light to dark absorption). White Oak: Color: Light tan to brown heartwood, sapwood, sapwood is creamy white to gray Density: Very hard, shock resistant, and very dense, heavy Grain: Moderately open grain on plain sawn, Quartered and Rift is straight grain Machinability: Fairly well, can be tough on tooling Finishing: Takes a finish well. Lycoming county is in the “green phase” and we have our doors open for business! Their autumn color is yellow. You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. There are several ways to select the 10 most important Pennsylvania hardwood trees. R & C Hard Wood Floors Inc is a Pennsylvania Domestic Business Corporation filed on October 19, 2005. The fruit is a long, egg-shaped acorn that is important to wildlife. 3,655 lb (16,260 N) Some pieces can be just about a dark as true … The fruit of American beech is a small three-sided "beechnut," often paired in a spinney husk. Cue Builders, Bowl & Pen Turners, Bowyers, Game Call Makers, and many other specialty woodworkers love the look of nicely finished exotic wood. oak and yellow poplar. E. T. Moore Manufacturing Inc. Used Lumber Floor Materials Used Building Materials. The leaves have five to eight large, rounded teeth on each side. The distinctions between simple and compound leaves and their opposite or alternate arrangements may be confusing at first, but a little practice with actual trees should clarify these important concepts. The bud's position is the best way to tell a simple leaf from a compound leaf. cedar, ash, basswood, beech, birch, black walnut, butternut, cherry, curly cherry, curly Sugar maple has light-gray bark, very tightly held on younger trees, and long, narrow bark flaps on older trees. This species has leathery, simple leaves that are alternate in arrangement. Why do we need this? Softwoods such as fir, pine, and hemlock rarely work well as flooring materials, except in a shop or utility area. The most widely known bark is on shagbark hickory, with its numerous curly bark flaps. The top leaflet is often, but not always, larger than the other leaflets. Work With Baltic. This tree grows throughout the state and is known for the hard, reddish-brown wood for quality furniture and interior trim. Dark finishes will vary depending on grain  orientation of curl (light to dark absorption). Take your time and enjoy learning about these 10 important hardwoods. Its leaves are simple, alternate, 4 to 9 inches in length, and 2 to 4 inches in width. (To a lesser degree, red maple also provides sweet maple sap.) common uses of each lumber variety that we stock. Will take finish well, use a sanding sealer. The tree's bark is rich in tannins and was once used to tan leather. A hairy, orange-colored middle vein on the under surface of the leaf is a useful identifying feature. Common Uses: High end furniture, cabinets, interior millwork, musical instruments, paneling, flooring, Other Names: American Black Cherry, Choke Cherry, Rum Cherry, Whiskey Cherry, Wild Cherry, Available in Certified: Check for availability, Density: Light in weight, not as strong as walnut, Machinability: Will machine easily, but has tendency to fuzz up at times. For the hardest woods, you need to look for exotics, not domestics. The diagrams and photos in this publication should also help. Quartered and Rift sawn have a striking grain  appearance. : This curl is generally not as pronounced as Curly Maple. See below for photos, common characteristics, and Noteworthy are the side veins on the leaves (those that run out from the main central vein). Maple. Each tree's scientific name is included to eliminate any confusion with the common names used. Finishing: Takes a finish well, however light to natural finishes are recommended. Unique wood patterns, such as "bird's eyes, tiger stripes, and flames," are often present in the wood's figure. Money back Guarantee of Satisfaction.click here> As many as 40 different bark patterns have been identified on red maples! Our wood characteristics page has complete details on each specie. When a simple leaf falls from the tree in autumn, the blade and stalk drop to the ground together, while the bud stays behind on the branch. A Rainbow of Possibilities. Its simple, alternate leaves have a pointed football shape with saw-toothed edges. Each species has unique cellular structure that creates differ- Reliable wood identification usually re-quires the ability to recognize basic differences in cellular structure and wood anatomy. Black cherry, sometimes called "wild cherry," is also a very common Pennsylvania tree species. Sugar maple leaves have five pointed lobes with U-shaped sinuses between the lobes. Distinctive Characteristics: This curl is generally very apparent. Its wood is by far the most economically valuable in the state. Carvings, some furniture, cabinets, excellent wall paneling. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is 553892.The company's principal address is 2 Kenalcom Drive, Phoenixville, Chester 19460. Three species of the genus Aesculus are found in PA. Distinctive Characteristics: This curl is generally not as pronounced as Curly Maple. Chestnut oak bark is dark gray and deeply furrowed, making it look distinctly different from the northern red and white oak. Doc ID: 1738498 Doc Name: sf-PSU-FTW_10HrdWds.pdf; Error Message: Atlantic White Cedar. Thank You for considering us for all your hardwood needs! Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.These are usually found in broad-leaved temperate and tropical forests. Everything is different … Unlocking Tree ID. Good Wood (Currently Unavailable) Here are some other Lancaster Firewood Suppliers you can contact. An excellent selection of some of the most beautiful woods in the world. We also source several other species, and can special order these to your needs. They have five to nine rounded lobes without bristles. Distinctive Characteristics: Color and soft texture make this an interesting wood, not always readily available in thicker sizes. The dark-gray bark of white ash has "diamond furrows" that are pointed on the ends. This publication features the state's 10 most commercially important hardwood trees, which means that these trees are valuable in terms of the money paid for their wood. There are many practical reasons for "knowing" trees, and mastering this skill builds appreciation for natural diversity. Red maple's light-colored wood has many uses, including furniture, paneling, moldings, doors, turnings, and musical instruments. This fold out details the ten most important hardwood species in Pennsylvania including oaks, maples, black cherry, and others. A compound leaf has more than one blade, each one called a leaflet. We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. Each leaf has four symmetrically paired pointed lobes. Virginia Hard Wood Lumber Company is a Pennsylvania Domestic Business Corporation filed on January 1, 1908. Each hardwood tree species' leaves are distinctly unique. Ipé (pronounced ee-pay) is an almost magical South American hardwood.The Forest Service Products Laboratory gives ipé top marks for bug and rot resistance, and the wood is so hard, it's nearly as difficult to burn as concrete. The undersurface veins often have fine hairs. Baltic Birch Plywood is the Cadillac of plywoods, perfect for gluing with a thick veneer to work with. The flower is yellowish orange, resembles a tulip, and produces a cluster of winged seeds. The wood is about 25 percent less hard than its close relative, sugar maple. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. What’s the difference between quarter sawn and plain sawn lumber? When a compound leaf drops in autumn, the main leaf stalk separates from the branch and the leaflets fall together with it. The leaves are dark bluish green on top and light green underneath. We stock 19 species, most of which are native to Pennsylvania. Common Uses: Carvings, some furniture, cabinets, excellent wall paneling, Your source for fine hardwood lumber, mouldings, paneling, flooring, and Ipe decking materials, Light tan to brown heartwood, sapwood,  sapwood is creamy white to gray, Very hard, shock resistant, and very dense, heavy, Moderately open grain on plain sawn, Quartered and Rift is straight grain. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. The wood of these trees is generally hard and dense, but there are exceptions. Prized as a strong, shock-resistant wood, maple makes solid furniture, moldings, veneer, paneling, tabletops, cabinets, woodenware, rifle stocks, handrails, doors, bowling alleys, and floors. They all have large, compound, alternate leaves, with five to nine leaflets, depending on the species. These pictures show just two of its more common patterns. Hard Maple (Acer saccharum) 2. Its bark is light gray with white in the furrows. People look at many different things to identify trees. Species: Hard Maple, Soft Maple, Red Oak, White Oak, Black Cherry, Walnut, Birch, Hickory, Ash, Basswood, Poplar, Cypress Products: Hardwood Lumber (4/4 – 8/4) Alderfer Lumber Company 5532 Flint Valley Road Tel: 570-539-2063 Mount Pleasant Mills, PA 17853 Fax: 570-539-8204 Contact: John Alderfer, President Pennsylvania has five different native hickory species. Light to very heavy patterns running  perpendicular to normal grain orientation. The smooth bark often invites carving, which defaces the beauty of the tree. We also carry these specie in various thicknesses from 4/4, 5/4, 6/4, 8/4, and up to 16/4 if available! Please ask about their availability! Sometimes called "rock oak" or "tanbark oak," chestnut oak grows widely on Pennsylvania's dry, rocky ridges. Uses for the wood include furniture, veneer, cabinets, doors, paneling, plywood, turnings, and carvings. Hardwood Lumber in Pittsburgh on YP.com. Aptly named, wood in the Schinopsis genus is among the heaviest and hardest in the world. They leave behind large, brown nuts often called “horse chestnuts.” Black Willow. This island is reputed to have more indigenous flora and fauna than what Darwin found in the Galapagos. The 10 most commonly known species would be different from a list of the 10 most common species. The blade is the broad, flat, and green tissue typically called "the leaf." It's that easy, and shipping is included! Uses for black cherry wood and veneer include high-quality furniture, cabinets, paneling, moldings, flooring, musical instruments, carvings, and turnings. Several other trees could also appear on this list; however, the ones in this publication are also very abundant throughout the state. Botanical classification and grouping of trees use flowers. Keys provide a step-by-step method of looking at tree characteristics for identification. Common Uses: Barrels, buckets, tool handles, furniture (especially Quartered or Rift grain). Every hardwood tree species in Pennsylvania has either simple or compound leaves. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is 1597163. This wood density chart gives you the wood density for woods of all types of trees. 1 board footage = Width in inches * Thickness in inches * Length in feet divided by 12. The most durable flooring woods will be hardwoods such as oak, walnut, ebony, maple, ash, and pecan. 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